Likewise, a person day I was thinking about the good males of Bhojpuri and a long record came right before my eyes. Among the them, a single name shone, Bhikhari Thakur. There is a great deal of chanting of Bhikhari Thakur’s identify in Bhojpuri organizations and on Facebook. If not, 15 several years ago, a effectively-recognized anchor-producer of a Bhojpuri Tv channel shrugged her nose and eyebrows and questioned, “Who is a beggar? Bhikhaaaari ? In interviewing Bharat Sharma Vyas, she asked when Bharat pointed out Bhikhari Thakur. Like a girl in corporate told the producer of a properly-recognized Tv serial: Ok, it’s a tale about Premchand but you did not post Premchand’s biodata. That’s when my eyes opened..brother, the grace of the manager is much more vital than the qualifications for the work. Information will occur faster or afterwards, the grasp ought to obey.
Nicely, correct now, many thanks to Google Baba and Facebook, absolutely everyone is wise. At the very least two names, Bhikhari Thakur and Mahendra Mishra, are on everyone’s lips presently. On the lips of individuals who really don’t even know Bhojpuri correctly for the reason that they are each in craze at the minute… Irrespective of whether it is a chief from the phase or an actor, there would be a ton of rhetoric in the title of Bhikhari Thakur. In bulk, awards are dispersed in the names of these two. Like quite a few Hindi institutions give awards in the name of Nirala to folks who have absolutely nothing exclusive in their lives or creations.
Well, in 1996-98, when I did my Diploma in Drama from Bihar Art Theatre, Kalidas Rangalaya, Patna, I gave beginning to a tiny bit of Bhikhari Thakur. At the exact time, a pretty extended research paper of mine ‘Bhojpuri Drama Ke Sansar’ was revealed in Bhojpuri Academy journal. I study so lots of articles or blog posts and so quite a few plays on the engage in then I realized a small a lot more about the mother beggar. Later, I watched Bhikhari Thakur’s Bidesiya and some other performs directed by Gauri Shankar Thakur, Sanjay Upadhyay and Umesh Singh and learned anything else. Later on, when I started studying Bhojpuri cinema, I acquired how beggars were being exploited in cinema. Two movies referred to as Bidesiya had been produced but Bhikhari did not show up everywhere properly. I had the possibility to talk at many countrywide and intercontinental seminars concentrating on beggars. When I got the chance to take part in a program concentrated on beggars with scholars like Professor Manager Pandey, Namwar Singh, Sanjeev, Nityanand Tiwari, Rishikesh Sulabh and Taiyb Hussain Peedit, I also noticed the mom of beggars by their eyes. I was the host of the start clearly show of singer Kalpana Patwari’s Legacy of Bhikhari Thakur in Calcutta. Later, when I joined television, I created many programs on beggars.
It is not easy to know a beggar. It usually takes a beggar’s thoughts, a beggar’s temperament. Quite a few people did PhDs on beggars by collecting facts, but only they can explain to how substantially they understood beggars.
Who was Bhikhari Thakur?
Bhikhari Thakur was born into an ordinary family members. He was born on 18 December 1887 at Qutubpur, Saran, Bihar to Dalsingh Thakur and Sivakali Devi. Bhikhari Thakur, the eldest of two brothers, labored as a barber. The same detail the beggars uncovered. Poverty compelled him to begin functioning early, so he could not study over and above primary instruction. He knew how to go through and produce in the Kathi script. He go through Ramacharitmanas a large amount and was as a result motivated by the character of the dignified Purushottam Rama. This was also a person of the good reasons why when he began his have drama company and programmed, he would at first do Ramlila.
In 1914, there was a critical famine, forcing Bhikhari Thakur to leave his village and occur to Calcutta. It was below that he realized about town daily life, the complications of migrants and the clashes concerning distinct courses. It was in this article that he also learned that the state he lived in was known as Hindustan and that the British experienced enslaved it. Listed here he watched a large amount of Ramleela stagings. He also viewed motion pictures in this article. The subtle eyesight of culture and folks in just him located a foundation. I believe that that every person sees and reacts to every thing that is going on all around them, in the region, the earth and society, but only those who have subtle vision have the skill to observe their own creation kinds the foundation. These are the special characteristics of an artist, author or journalist.
The writer, artist, lyricist, musician and director who was hiding inside Bhikhari Thakur arrived out inspired by the staging of Ramleela and gave Bhojpuri its have Shakespeare. Having said that, this comparison strikes me at times. Is it necessary to appear to the West to validate every little thing. Unquestionably not, but that is what our feeling-a-lessness often does. In other phrases, the excellent playwright of Bhojpuri and say Bharatendu Harichandra was Bhikhari Thakur.
When he returned to Saran, he formed a drama troupe and begun staging very first Ramlila and then afterwards performs he had created. He normally absorbed the very first 27 decades of his lifetime and then Calcutta and then rural life. The plot, script, dialogue and lyrics and lyrics of the perform had been all regular and taken from the society. He wove what took place in entrance of him or above him into the scenes, dialogue and tunes of his participate in. The difficulties of migrants, female discussion, poverty, social and financial inequality, prevalent stereotypes and vices had been the plots of his performs. Bhikhari Thakur confronted fantastic opposition. Drama, cinema and the arts had been not encouraged by culture as they are currently. Then folks would have an understanding of that the abandoned men and women of culture do all these things. Indeed, Anand still picked up a great deal as he does now. In his performs, only adult males dressed as women acted and danced. Boy dancing was abundant in his performs.
Bhikhari Thakur was also the director, conductor and facilitator of his performs. The staging type of his most notable enjoy, Bidesiya, turned famed as a theatrical design, which was afterwards employed in quite a few languages. His major performs incorporated ‘Videsiya’, ‘Beti-Bechwa’, ‘Bhai-Virodh’, ‘Kaljug Prem’, ‘Radheshyam Bahar’, ‘Ganga-Asnan’, ‘Bidhwa-Bilap’, ‘Putr-Badh’, Gabarghichor.
Bhikhari Thakur’s folks drama was his means of livelihood and also a weapon of social reform. His possess performs assault the vices commonplace in his culture. He experimented with to make a difference in his culture by the affect of his performs. If you go through and glimpse at the performs and music he composed, it appears that although the dates and several years in the calendar have modified, they continue to have relevance. Modern society is nevertheless struggling with several of the same challenges as it did in the time of Bhikhari Thakur.
Bhikhari Thakur posted about 28-29 books concerning 1938 and He went not only to other states of India with his troupe but also to international locations where by Bhojpuri speakers lived in big or smaller figures. Rahul Sanskrityan referred to as Bhikhari Thakur the uncut diamond of Bhojpuri. The good scholar of English, Prof. Manoranjan Prasad Sinha when compared Bhikhari Thakur to ‘ Shakespeare Dr. Uday Narayan Tiwari identified as Bhikhari Thakur ‘ the father of Bhojpuri ‘ while Jagdish Chandra Mathur referred to as him a member of the Bharatmuni custom. The British Govt conferred on him the title of Rai Bahadur and the Bihar Government awarded him a copper plate.
Why did cinema overlook Bhikhari Thakur?
When Bhikhari Thakur went to Calcutta thanks to famine, cinema was being Indianised. Then movies have been being produced in India. The initially Indian film, Raja Harichandra, was manufactured in 1913 and movie studios commenced opening in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. Having said that, the theater corporation was incredibly strong then. This was the reason why Bhikhari Thakur opened a theater corporation and honed his internal author, actor and director. His play Beti Bechwa experienced the outcome that in lots of sites girls remaining their mismatched marriages and ran absent. Bhikhari Thakur expressed the soreness of the migrants with his participate in Bidesiya. This is why he staged this participate in in many countries and it was this perform that popularized Bhikhari Thakur at home and abroad. Each time men and women read that Bhikhari Thakur was heading to stage Bidesiya, there was so a lot group that it was challenging for the organizers to cope with it.
When films started currently being made in Bhojpuri in 1962, Bhikhari Thakur was pretty well-known. Bookings for his displays arrived from far and wide and he took his crew all over. In 1963, the film Bidesiya was manufactured dependent on Bhikhari Thakur’s enjoy Bidesiya. It was scripted by Rammurthy Chaturvedi and directed by S.K. N.S. Tripathi remained. It starred Sujeet Kumar and Kumari Naz in the guide roles. Bhikhari Thakur also performed a guest part in the film. Even so, he was not contented with the alterations in the film. He was not Bhikhari Thakur’s foreigner.
Then once again, soon after a extended hiatus, Nirmala Sitharaman produced a movie of the identical name in which experienced a monologue by Nirhua in which he discusses Bhikhari Thakur. Bhojpuri cinema hardly ever remembered him correctly right after that. Each of these films also experienced his songs.
His track ‘A Sajni Re’ was taken from the Hindi movie ‘Hazaaron Khwahishen Aisi’ Motivated by the theatrical design of Bidesiya, Rupsena in Kannada and Harikesh Muluk in Hindi have been penned. A enjoy was also created on his lifestyle, Bhikharinama. A documentary titled ‘Naach Bhikhari Nach’ has also been designed on his launda dance type, which also facts the everyday living of Bhikhari Thakur.
This happened but why did not Bhikhari Thakur, whose performs normally mirrored Bhojpuri society and time, come to be aspect of Bhojpuri films? Bhojpuri films did not try to remember Bhikhari or his creative vision. Probably Bhojpuri artists, screenwriters, directors and producers have not realized the benefit of Bhikhari Thakur until day and probably they have confined him to the identify of honor and institution. If they experienced go through and recognized the works of Bhikhari Thakur, they would not have built such a mistake, perhaps!
(Writer Manoj is passionate about Bhojpuri literature and cinema.)
Tags: Post in Bhojpuri, Bhojpuri
First Posted : July 29, 2022, 1:56 PM IST