Real Estate Cambodia is a very young market with great potential, especially with the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA). But the market needs time to grow and many of the problems that increase investor spending need to be addressed. So I would urge foreign investors to come to Cambodia, but they must come with heavy pockets and be ready for the long journey.
There are many Cambodian Investment Opportunities, some of which are mentioned.
Investors in Cambodia need to comply with environmental standards. The Environmental Protection and Resource Management Act was enacted in 1997. The Ministry of Environment is a brand new ministry, established by royal decree in October 1994 and empowered to legislate in January 1996. The Environmental Protection and Resource Management Act of 1996, which aims to clarify the role of the Ministry of Environment in protecting the environment, also gives other ministries a role in monitoring the environmental impact of the enterprise.
Legal and judicial system
History and Basis
The legal and judicial system in Cambodia has evolved from an amazing kind of origin. These include the traditional principles of Asian descent, the French civil law tradition introduced during the French Defender era, the Vietnamese-influenced communist regime in the 1980s, the UN Transitional Authority of Cambodia (UNTAC) in the 1990s. Cambodia’s new constitution was adopted early and finally in 1993. Other recent effects include various bilateral and multilateral donors, and Cambodian migrants returning from many countries.
As a result, there is no specific legal tradition (such as common law) in Cambodia’s legal system. According to the constitution, all legislation already passed will remain in force until it is repealed or contradicted by later legislation.
Membership of international organizations
Cambodia is a member of the number of global organizations:
- Asian Development Bank (ADB)
- International Monetary Fund (IMF)
- United Nations Economic and Social Commission of the Asia Pacific (ESCAP)
- Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
- International Finance Corporation (IFC)
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
- World Trade Organization
Various sources of international capital are available for private investment. Given the agreement between the government and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the framework of the agreement between the government and the European Community, the private sector can approach the ADB and the European Bank for Investment to request financing for investment projects.
Special Promotion Zones
The government is considering establishing one or more Special Promotion Zones (SPZs) in Cambodia Property Market. Industrial zones will be set up in Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville, Koh Kong, Poipet and Pailin, including the Export Processing Zone and the Free Trade Zone. In Real Estate Cambodia Sihanoukville, an area of 50 hectares has already been designated for this purpose and will be available for private investment in due course. Port facilities have also been set up at the dry ports of Sihanoukville and Phnom Penh. One problem affecting the development of industrial land is the inability of real estate to secure capital as collateral loans.
Cambodia can take comparative advantage by developing a variety of natural resource-based industries, including non-metallic mineral-based industries. Oil and gas exploration in Cambodia began in 1991, following efforts in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and has already yielded promising results. In total, 16,000 line km high quality seismic data have been obtained, indicating the potential for substantial oil and gas production. For the purpose of exploration, both the land and sea areas of the Cambodian region have been divided into a total of 32 blocks, of which offshore blocks I to IV have been discovered so far.
It is estimated that Cambodia Property has a usable hydroelectric capacity of over 8,000 MW, divided into 43 sites. However, it does considerable damage to the Mekong, especially in the province of Kratie (3,300 MW), and requires feasibility studies covering the environmental and social implications before proper assessment can be made. A 26 million hydroelectric power plant at Kirirom (10 MW) in Kompong Speu Province has been rebuilt by China Electric Power Technology Import and Export Corporation.
The government is responsible for purchasing and distributing all electricity from the plant. The government is also interested in partition privatization.
Through the General System of Priorities (GSP) and the Most Favoured Nation (MFN), Cambodia has preferential access to international markets such as the European Community, the United States, Japan, Canada and Australia. Cambodia’s ASEAN membership provides a substantial export potential to ASEAN countries within the framework of AFTA. So far, the most important export industry has been ready-made garments.
Cambodian textile products have been exported to 27 countries, including Japan, the United States and the European Union. In 1997, the industry earned 4 134 million in exports and employed 33,853 Cambodian workers.
Given its location in Southeast Asia, where tourism is booming, especially in neighbouring Thailand, Cambodia has a significant advantage in tourism development. In addition, it has a unique historical heritage and a non-polluted natural environment. The Angkor Temple Complex is one of the world’s most important heritage sites and could be further developed as an international tourist destination. In addition to cultural heritage, rural landscaping is also a major attraction, especially along the Mekong River, Lake Tonle Sap and the coast in Sihanoukville and Kampot provinces.
Cambodia had 2,924,000 cows, 626,000 buffaloes, 2,110,000 pigs and 16,678,000 chickens in 2002. Given the country’s entry into the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), in the long run, the prospects for livestock farming agreements with food groups and agribusiness corporations are particularly bright.
ASEAN’s business and multinational corporations can provide capital, technology and management information, as well as potential export markets, while their rural partners in Cambodia can provide land and labour. Currently, a joint venture between the Mong Rithy Group and a Malaysian company has collectively purchased cows from most parts of Cambodia to provide more nutrition to the cows and export them to Malaysia.
From residential Real Estate in Cambodia such as serviced apartments or villas and townhouses to commercial office space and industrial warehouses, our team of local experts will provide you with first class personalized service to keep your Cambodian property simple and stress free.