Can Dogs Have Diabetes and How to Prevent Diabetes in Dogs?

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a condition that occurs when the body either does not have enough insulin or when its cells cannot use it. Insulin is the hormone secreted by the pancreas that allows glucose to enter the cells for conversion into energy. This article will discuss diabetes mellitus and how it affects dogs. It will also provide insight into how you can prevent your dog from developing diabetes.

Can Dogs Have Diabetes?

Dogs can get diabetes, and they do it in two forms, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is similar to the human form of this disease. It’s an autoimmune disorder that destroys the cells that produce insulin. Dogs that have type 1 diabetes need to take insulin shots for life.

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Type 2 diabetes is also common; it occurs when your pet’s pancreas stops producing enough insulin or becomes resistant to its effects. A dog with type 2 may only need a small dose of oral medication. There are several medicines available in the market for type 2 diabetes. You can purchase type 2 medicines over the counter with a vet’s prescription or order online from pet supply websites, like PetCareRx.

What Causes Diabetes in Dogs?

Diabetes in dogs is a metabolic disease that occurs when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body use sugar and other nutrients from food. When the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body can’t use it properly, blood sugar levels can rise to dangerous levels.

It’s necessary to note that sometimes diabetes in dogs is caused by pancreatitis or damage to other organs such as the liver or kidneys. These conditions prevent your dog from producing its insulin and often require treatment with medications like prednisone while they heal.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs

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The following are some of the symptoms of diabetes in dogs:

  • Increased Thirst and Urination: It is a common symptom, as your dog’s body is trying to flush out excess glucose from its system. The more glucose your dog has, the more water they need to hydrate.
  • Weight Loss or Gain: Your dog may lose weight because its body is not absorbing nutrients. They do not have enough energy to maintain a healthy weight. On the other hand, if you’ve noticed an increase in appetite, it could mean that the body is working harder than usual to digest food and use it for energy.
  • Vomiting or Diarrhea: If this happens frequently, you should see a vet immediately. It might be something else, but vomiting means something isn’t right in your pet’s digestive system.
  • Lethargy: If your pup seems exhausted all day long without any reason, this could be another sign that something isn’t right internally with your animal companion.

More Common in Certain Breeds

Diabetes is more common in certain breeds of dogs. If you are considering a dog, it is necessary to consider the breed’s risk for diabetes and your level of commitment to training and caring for your pet. Breeds at higher risk include:

  • Labrador Retriever
  • Golden Retriever
  • Dalmatian
  • German Shepherd
  • Poodle
  • Rottweiler

Dogs at Higher Risk for Diabetes

Dogs with the following issues are about to be at higher risk for diabetes:

  • Obesity: You should also be careful about the treats you give your pup; some are healthier than others. As with humans, obesity puts dogs at risk for diabetes, so keeping their weight in check is necessary. According to research, 56% of dogs in the US are obese or overweight.
  • Older Dogs: As dogs age, they are at increased risk for developing diabetes. Dogs over ten years are considered at high risk of developing diabetes, while those over 15 or 20 years old are considered very high. If your dog is older than this, talk with your vet about testing him for diabetes.
  • Increased Health Problems: With age comes an increased health concern that can lead to many physical ailments, including metabolic issues like kidney and Cushing’s disease.

How to Prevent Diabetes in Dogs?

There are several ways to prevent diabetes in dogs.

  • Dietary Management: You should check with your vet to see if any of your pet’s medications or diets adversely affect their glucose levels. Also, be sure they don’t have hypothyroidism, as it can affect their metabolism and cause an increase in insulin resistance.
  • Exercise: Moderate exercise can help increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin, reduce fatty tissue and improve nerve function. It also lowers glucose levels in the blood by increasing insulin production, which helps manage diabetes better.
  • Regular Vet Checkups: Regular visits with your veterinarian will allow them to diagnose symptoms early before they become more severe or chronic conditions develop later on down the line. Monitoring blood sugar levels will allow them to take preventative measures for treatment before it becomes unmanageable.

Insulin Plays an Important Role in Keeping Blood Sugar Levels Down

Insulin is a hormone that helps to regulate blood sugar levels. It’s produced by the pancreas and is the most important treatment for diabetes, as it enables cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream and use it for energy. Diabetes is common in pets. A report reveals that the market for insulin and other medicines and devices to control blood sugar had reached $ 2 billion in 2021 and is expected to reach $4 billion by 2032.

Insulin is a protein that’s made up of amino acids. When there isn’t enough insulin in your body, your blood sugar levels become high and can cause symptoms such as thirst, hunger, and urination.

It’s Necessary to Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy

Keep an eye on your dog’s behavior. If he seems lethargic or generally uninterested in activities he used to love doing all the time, maybe something isn’t right with him. Also, try to keep your dog’s diet consistent. If you’re feeding him more than usual, then even small amounts of food could throw off his system enough to cause problems.

Diabetes in dogs is a critical condition that can cause long-term health problems. If you think your dog has diabetes, it’s necessary to bring your pet to a veterinarian as soon as possible. Your vet will likely ask you a few questions about the symptoms your dog is experiencing; perform some blood tests and possibly an insulin test. It may be helpful to keep a journal of how many times your dog has urinated during the day or night. It will help to answer questions when you see your vet. He or she can assess how much fluid loss has occurred since the onset of symptoms.

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