Embroidery is an age-old craft of decorating a piece of fabric. It is made more interesting attractive with the use of different coloured threads and various materials like beads, quills, pearls, and sequins. This thread craft is used on different fabrics like cotton, silk, and others. Every country and culture is known to carry a distinct kind of embroidery.
Some of the earliest examples of decorative embroidery have been found in China. The goddess Athena of the ancient Greek mythology is known to pass down the art of embroidery. One comes across different types of embroidery styles, looks and stitches depending on the era, location, and materials.
There are different techniques behind the art of embroidery, and the techniques differ based on the kind of stitches. There are various types of stitches, and while some of these are seen as examples of earliest embroidery, others have evolved and developed in modern times. One should be aware of the different styles of stitches.
Different Kinds of Stitches Used In Embroidery
Embroidery designs carry distinct looks, and the expert craftsmen around the world make use of different kind of stitches and styles that vary based on the region and the culture. Here are some of the main embroidery stitches used all over the world.
- The straight stitch – The straight stitch is very simple and straightforward and is looked upon as the building block of embroidery.
- The basic stitch – The basic stitch is the most common stitch seen and is used to make an outline. It is commonly seen in almost every type of embroidery from different regions.
- Running stitch– Another basic embroidery stitch that is the running stitch that is used to add details. The Japanese sashiko embroidery is known to make use of the running stitch.
- The chain stitch– Embroiderers use the chain stitch when they need to make a bolder line of embroidery. It is really pleasing to see the row of linked stitches that really stands out.
- The satin stitch – Another of the classic embroidery stitches is the satin, and the results are indeed beautiful. One just needs to keep an eye on the length and proximity of the stitches.
- The Stem stitch – Another popular option for creating smooth outlines is the Stem stitch which is perfect for making straight as well as curved lines.
- The Feather stitch – This stitch is just perfect for making borders and frames. When used with other stitches and embellishments, one can get startling results.
- The split stitch– Try split stitch for making outlines, and the stitch is easy to follow as all one needs to do is split the previous stitch and get a textured line.
- The Woven wheel stitch– The impact of the Woven wheel stitch is very stylish, and it may look very difficult, but the stitch is simple to master. One can create amazing florals with the Woven wheel stitch.
- The fly stitch – The fly stitch may look very similar to the detached chain stitch but is V in shape rather than the teardrop shape. One can create teardrop shape with the fly stitch.
- The French knot– The French knot looks very cute and attractive but remains a challenge for many artisans. It takes time and practice to create that perfect French knot.
There are many more different stitches that are indeed unique and special. However, once you have mastered those basic stitches listed above, you can move on to the other types to learn more variations and master them. You can even mix different stitches and use various embellishments to create striking designs and looks on the fabric.