The Indigenous Howitzer: It is for the initial time in 75 years after independence that designed-in-India artillery guns were used in the 21-gun salute presented to the tricolor. For the very first time, the indigenous Howitzer Gun, ATAG, became component of the 21-Gun Salute during the Independence Day celebrations at the Purple Fort on Monday. It is created by DRDO. All through this ceremony, the Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Process (ATAGS) was applied with 25 Pounders artillery guns of standard British origin.
For the duration of this celebration, Primary Minister Narendra Modi in his Independence Day speech, while chatting on self-reliant India (Atmanirbhar Bharat), also stated the gun. PM Modi stated, “Indians will be encouraged and empowered by this sound and that is why right now I want to thank our armed forces for carrying the accountability of self-reliance on their shoulders in an structured manner.”
21 gun salute tradition
Every single year on August 15, right after the Key Minister hoists the tricolor at the Red Fort, the army band plays the national anthem, while on the other hand the Artillery Regiment presents a festive salute of 21 volley guns. A volley gun refers to a gun that has various single-shot barrels that fire rounds simultaneously in a volley fire.
The custom of cannon salutes dates again to Western navies (where by ships coming to and from ports utilized to hearth guns in a individual way to make it crystal clear that they experienced no intention of war. This tradition began to be applied as a way of paying out respects at official receptions.
India inherited this tradition from the British rulers. In British rule, 101 volley, 31 volley and 21 volley gun salutes were specified in accordance to rank and standing. Likewise, based on the posture and status, in India, on Republic Working day, Independence Day and other instances, as well as during the swearing-in ceremony of the President, a gun salute is supplied.
The custom of the 21-gun salute supplied in these yrs is based on the British howitzers of the Globe War Period. Vacant shells are fired in it. It is also recognized as the Ordnance Brief Fire 25 Pounder or just ’25 Pounder’.
ATAGS fired shells
ATAGC by itself is identified as howitzer which are compact artillery. In the 2nd Earth War, when there was a dilemma in carrying the significant guns all-around, a modest cannon was manufactured and this gun was recognized as the Howitzer Gun. This yr two innovative Todd artillery gun systems—the ATAGS howitzers—join the battery, which fired with another 25 pounders. Howitzers, like other artillery machines, are typically organized in a team identified as a battery.
As its ATAGS identify suggests, it is a truck-drawn cannon. This gun is indigenous and its capacity is 155 * 52 mm. It has been created by Defense Investigation and Progress Organization- DRDO. In this, DRDO Pune’s facility Ordnance Research and Improvement Establishment – ARDE is the nodal agency. A number of observe firing classes of the ATAGS have been done in advance of the Independence Working day celebrations. Army officers say that the induction of ATAGS in the symbolic act of the 21-gun salute is an critical action in this journey and is really essential in the direction of its induction in the army.
Who produced ATAGS
The ATAGS job was initiated by DRDO in 2013 to exchange the aged guns in the Indian Military with modern 155 mm artillery guns. With ARDE as the nodal laboratory, other services amenities of DRDO also participated in its growth. These bundled Protection Electronics Application Laboratory such as Devices Study and Enhancement Institution, Car Analysis and Growth Establishment, Proof and Experimental Establishment, Heart for Synthetic Intelligence and Robotics. ARDE has collaborated with Bharat Forge Limited and Tata State-of-the-art Techniques Confined to manufacture this unique system.
Its thriving exam was held on July 14, 2016. When proof-firing of ATAGS was done for the duration of technical trials at DRDO’s Proof and Experimental Institution (PXE) in Balasore. Subsequently, in August and September 2017, a record concentrate on range of about 48 km was attained at the Pokhran Subject Firing Variety. In the course of its testing in the yr 2020, an incident happened owing to barrel burst and 4 workers were being hurt. This was followed by a productive examination of ATAGS in June 2021 at an altitude of 15,000 toes.
Following this, it was tested for a 7 days from 26 April 2022 to 3 May perhaps at the Pokhran Discipline Firing Range. Right after this, a lot of assessments ended up finished dependent on the temperature and the problems of the locations. At current, the ATAGS is remaining evaluated by the Directorate General Excellent Assurance-DGQA. The DGQA tends to make the final choice on it just before its use in the military. DGQA is the nodal agency for high-quality assurance of all arms, ammunition, tools and retailers equipped to the Armed Forces.
ATAGS function of
Compared to Bofors cannon, ATAGS can be fired up to a length of 48 km when Bofors cannon can be fired only up to 32 km. The 155 mm ATAGS cannon is able of firing the longest distance in the entire world. It is also exact in conditions of temperature. It can fireplace from 30 degree to 75 diploma Celsius. Its 26.44 feet extended barrel can hearth 5 shells every minute. The self load program in this is particularly like an automatic rifle. It has automated loading technological know-how and thermal sight program for concentrating on. It can be very easily targeted even at night time. It is also outfitted with wireless interaction.
long run function
The improvement process of ATAGS produced by DRDO resembles that of India’s highly developed weapon and gear howitzer Dhanush, manufactured before by the Ordnance Factory Board. In the 12 months 2019, the Army and the Protection Ministry gave acceptance for the bulk production of 114 Dhanushs. The officials are hopeful that ATAGS and Dhanush, the two flagship solutions below Make in India, will productively swap the previous technique with artillery in the coming times.
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