MGS, Light Tank, WhaP: DRDO provides 3 ‘Make in India’ successes at DefExpo


With the topic of “Aatmanirbhar Bharat” (self-reliant India) underpinning India’s leading protection exposition — DefExpo 22 — attention is concentrated on the India Pavilion and the sprawling presentation of the Protection Analysis and Development Group (DRDO).

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Popular in the DRDO’s screen are many artillery guns, armored vehicles and tanks that underline a measure of achievement in developing these key weapons platforms for the military. Listed here are three programs that are headed for good results.

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Mounted Gun System (MGS)

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There has very long been attention on the 155 millimeter (mm), 52 caliber (cal) State-of-the-art Towed Artillery Gun Procedure (ATAGS), which the DRDO is establishing in partnership with the Tata and Kalyani groups. Now, without the need of fanfare, the DRDO has developed an offshoot of the ATAGS — known as the 155 mm/52 inch Mounted Gun Technique (MGS) — which could turn out to be a struggle winner that is central to the army’s firepower menu.

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The ATAGS is a typical howitzer, which needs a wheeled tractor to tow it concerning firing positions. In the MGS, having said that, the whole gun is mounted on to a wheeled tractor, from the place it can be fired with no any dismounting or prolonged preparation. Bringing the MGS into action requires just 80 seconds, though bringing it out of motion requires 85 seconds.

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The MGS weighs 15 tonnes and the Kolos Tatra tractor on which it is mounted weighs another 15 tonnes. The whole fat of 30 tonnes can easily negotiate the 40-tonne bridges on most highways.

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The MGS has a prepared client, considering the fact that the Indian Army’s artillery plan stipulates the order of 814 MGSs to beef up artillery firepower. The DRDO wishes the military to receive MGS beneath the significant-priority Chapter IV of the Defense Acquisition Method of 2020. This chapter presents the optimum precedence to: “Procedure for acquisition of units designed and created by DRDO/DPSU/OFB.”

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The DRDO’s MGS faces competitiveness from firms these kinds of as Bharat Forge and Tata Aerospace and Protection (A&D), which have also made their have MGS. Only if the MoD groups this acquisition in the Chapter IV category would the field be apparent for the DRDO’s version.

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However, the DRDO is self-assured about the superiority of its MGS. It has successfully cleared exams in deserts and substantial-altitude regions, displaying higher precision and consistency. For when the enemy provides down counter fireplace, there is an armored cabin (at present armor steel, to be made into composite material) in which they can choose shelter.

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The mild tank

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The Chinese encroachment throughout the Line of Precise Management (LAC) into Indian-claimed territory in April 2020 galvanised the DRDO into resuming function on a substantially debated venture: Enhancement of a 25-tonne light-weight tank that would be cell enough for India’s superior mountain border spots, for jungle terrain, and for places with narrow roads and bridges.

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While the DRDO done its layout work, the Directorate Typical of Armored Corps (DGAC) finalized its Preliminary Staff members Qualitative Needs (PSQR), which in depth the exact technical specs of the tank.

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The DRDO was presented the venture in November 2021, with a deadline of a few years. By November 2024, it is to complete trials and straight away start off shipping and delivery to the army.

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The tank’s important component — the engine and transmission — are to be purchased off-the-shelf. Under analysis are engines from MTU of Germany, Caterpillar and Cummins of the US. Transmissions will be preferred from the Rank of Germany and British agency Allison.

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Security is modular, with bolt-on, retrofittable armour giving defense of STANAG degree 4 in the tank’s frontal 60-degree arc and STANAG 2 somewhere else. It will have a higher-stress tank gun (both 105 mm or 120 mm).

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In accordance to DRDO resources, this effort and hard work is named Challenge Zorawar, right after the famous Sikh standard who took his armies deep into Tibet.

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Wheeled Armored System (WhaP)

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The DRDO has formulated the WhaP as a simple platform for a family of cell, safeguarded multi-reason automobiles, like a command submit car or truck, a reconnaissance motor vehicle for a chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) battlefield, for amphibious reconnaissance, or even use as a gentle, armored ambulance.

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It is to be 8×8 wheeled, not tracked, and weighs 19-27 tonnes. Up to a pounds of 24.5 tonnes, it will be amphibious, ie capable of floating. With a hydrogas suspension, and a 600 HP Cummins engine coupled to an Allison transmission, the WhaP is to be highly mobile.

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Safety is to be modular, with bolt-on, retrofittable panels that provide go over up to a degree of STANAG 4. The flooring can be reinforced to resist an improvised explosive system. Wish lists well prepared for different United Nations missions have been recycled into the WhaP.

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The most important armament is to be a 30 mm cannon, mounted on a gun turret with an upgraded sighting program, which is remaining made by the DRDO in partnership with Bharat Electronics Ltd.

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The DRDO has chosen Larsen & Toubro as a “design cum output partner”. That means L&T is energetic in the structure process.

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