Rain deficit in June-July, significant rain in Sept-Oct strike WB paddy yield


West Bengal has witnessed a peculiar weather adjust impression this 12 months where the granary belts of the state have witnessed a non-common rainfall pattern.

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Initially through June and July this 12 months, viewed as the peak seasons for sowing of Aus and Aman paddy, the granary belts, especially in south Bengal, witnessed a enormous rainfall deficit. Then in late September and Oct it gained exceptionally superior autumnal rain.

These two vagaries of nature have impacted the paddy production in the point out in a major way leaving the farmers in distress.

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As for each data of the weather conditions workplace in Kolkata, in June this year, the rainfall deficit was 48 per cent in Gangetic West Bengal. In July this year the rainfall deficit in the location came down marginally but hovered all-around 46 per cent.

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As for every documents this was the worst at any time rainfall deficit in Gangetic West Bengal considering the fact that 2010. On the other hand, according to the records, even in 2010 the rainfall deficit in the location was within just 40 for every cent.

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How has this huge rainfall deficit impacted the cultivation of Aus and Aman paddy in the granary belts of the state. According to agricultural authorities this rainfall deficit initial afflicted the key sowing interval of Aus and Aman.

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Aus wide variety of paddy is sown in summer months with pre-monsoon rainfall and harvested in autumn. So the rainfall deficit in June afflicted the sowing as the seed beds did not receive adequate rain drinking water essential for a nutritious yield.

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In the case of Aman rice, the sowing time starts off from middle of July and carries on until the center and at times end of August. So, the rainfall deficit in July which hovered around 46 for every cent also impacted a key aspect of the Aman sowing period of time.

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Some stats of the agriculture section show how the whims of nature afflicted paddy production in the state. Till the center of July, sowing of paddy seeds had been possible in only 2.08 lakh hectares of farmland out of the target of 52 lakh hectares.

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Out of the 2.08 lakh hectares of land, sowing of Aus paddy was probable on 1.1 lakh hectares, putting a query mark on the output of this particular wide variety of paddy through the present-day farming period. In the same interval, Aman paddy could be sown in 97,000 hectares.

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The worst afflicted was East Burdwan district in South Bengal, which is deemed West Bengal’s granary. Sowing for Aman paddy had been attainable only on 3,280 hectares in this district, while the figure for Aus paddy was just 1,697 hectares till mid-July.

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Even so, in the scenario of Aman paddy the rainfall deficit was compensated to an extent by the rainfall in August. When the adequate August rainfall was elevating the hopes of the farming group, arrived the excess autumnal rainfall in September and Oct. The excessive was calculated at about 10 per cent.

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Agricultural authorities and functionaries of the All India Kisan Sabha like Hannan Mollah and Samar Ghosh sense that the double-blow — to start with in the sort of rainfall deficit in June and July and then excessive autumnal rainfall in September and October — built the farmers reduce a significant part of their produce.

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In accordance to them, when the rainfall was necessary most through June and July for efficient sowing and replanting, the deficit acted as a dampener. Then in September and Oct, when the crops were all set to bear seeds, the problems was completed by the extra autumnal rain.

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According to economics professor PK Mukhopadhyay, the effect of these vagaries of nature could be felt in two methods. “The to start with was an inescapable increase in the selling price of rice in the open up market place, which has presently hardened by five percentage factors. The next impression was on the livelihood of the sharecroppers, with many of them helpless in entrance of these whims of nature. “

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–IANS

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(Only the headline and picture of this report could have been reworked by the Enterprise Typical personnel the rest of the content is car-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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