India spends .8 per cent of GDP on R&D, and it is increasing, study PhD in India and contribute to India’s research endeavours

The Indian higher education sector is expanding at a phenomenal speed and is expected to grow in the future as well. A sudden surge in the number of renowned universities, colleges across the country also offers a range of PhD research opportunities to the aspirants planning to do a PhD course. 

  • PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) is a doctorate program that involves substantial research work and presentation of the thesis, which must be accredited by the fellow academicians. 
  • One can do a PhD course in any discipline or stream based on the course he/she has studied in his/her post-graduation. 
  • The course is also about understanding cutting-edge Management, Science and Engineering projects to unique programs that help in exploring India’ diverse history and culture.

Why get a PhD degree?

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A PhD is one of the most valued degrees in India and abroad as well. When it comes to offering growth opportunities, a PhD degree will offer numerous benefits in terms of career growth to the researchers.

  • Doing a PhD degree will offer unlimited employment opportunities to graduates. One can become a lecturer or a professor in a university or a researcher in most fields. In addition to this, a PhD degree holder can get a decent job in the publishing house, educational institute, law firm, etc.
  • The candidates will get detailed knowledge and will be able to develop mastery over the subjects they have chosen for specialization, which will prove beneficial in their careers.
  • The candidates will get an insight into the theoretical aspect of the course in addition to practical knowledge.

Applying for a PhD program 

Most of the universities offering PhD ask for the online applications while many others accept direct applications, or advertise specific opportunities.

Eligibility for doing PhD:

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  • The minimum eligibility requirement for entry to an Indian PhD is a Master’s degree in a relevant subject.
  • The candidates must have achieved at least 55% (or the equivalent) in their master’s course while applying for the course. The minimum duration of a PhD is 2 years.
  • The candidates are also expected to have the necessary language skills for their course. Most of the programs are taught in English as it is one of India’s official languages and is used for teaching at most of its universities.
  • However, many specialized universities also offer programs in Hindi, Urdu or other Indian languages.

PhD notifications

Notifications for the next academic year will be announced on the official website of the university, and the students planning to get a PhD degree can visit the website.

PhD application process

Indian PhD applications are usually competitive, and each university or college has a specific number of places available for its PhD programs each year. The universities conduct entrance examinations, interviews and research proposal assessments while shortlisting the eligible candidates. The institutions offering PhD are free to manage the application process themselves, but most of them follow the same general steps.

The Research Eligibility Test (RET)

Once the candidates have responded to their PhD notification, the prospective university will start assessing candidates’ eligibility for this course. PhD applicants are expected to complete a Research Eligibility Test (RET)- a written exam through which the candidates’ necessary subject knowledge skills and expertise to carry out advanced research in their chosen discipline are evaluated. The candidates can check the program requirements and process for the RET before starting with the application process.

Also, the candidates must have a valid Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) score to pursue a PhD in engineering and technology. The candidates should have completed their degree in M.Tech/ M.E in any engineering branch so that they can apply for a PhD in engineering.


The next step after a satisfactory RET result- the shortlisted candidates need to attend a PhD interview as well. The university will publish details of candidates invited to interview as a formal part of its PhD admissions round. The answers given by the candidates during the interview round demonstrate the candidates’ suitability for the program. Also, the university will cross-check and assess the documents given by the candidates in this round.

Research proposals

The candidate’s previous qualifications, RET score and interview performance will confirm their suitability for the program and will help them in getting a seat in the top-most universities offering PhD program. Some universities also cross-check the details for the topic the students want to explore in a PhD program and in case you are applying at those universities, you need to submit a research proposal as well. This might be a separate stage in the application process or can also be part of the interview process. For a detailed understanding, the candidates are advised to cross-check the university’s requirements they are planning to apply at.

Benefits of doing a PhD program from Indian university?

Diversity and specialization – Whether you want to research in Business Management, Indian Cinema or Buddhist Philosophy, there are unlimited options for studying PhD in India. There is an unlimited program available for the aspirants planning to get PhD in a particular course.

Affordability and accessibility – The PhD fees in India different from program to program, but is surprisingly low. Also, almost all the courses are taught in English which is widely spoken and is adopted as the language of instruction at a wide range of universities.

Increasing global recognition – The Indian universities are nationalized recognized that play an important role in expanding India’s higher education sector. Many of the Indian leading universities and institutes now feature in the international league tables for 2020.

Develop new ideas – The Indian population is one of the youngest in the world, and the fresh and dynamic outlook helps in driving a culture of innovation and entrepreneurialism. In case you want to develop new ideas and have different approaches in life, then you are the right fit for this program that can help you to become a successful PhD researcher in the future.

Job Prospects after PhD

There is immense scope for the candidates who have completed their Ph.D., post completing the program; the graduates can apply to different jobs based on their skills and expertise. Following are some of the career options that candidates can choose post completing a PhD:

  • Researcher
  • Scientist
  • Editor & Critic
  • Human Services Worker
  • Independent Consultant
  • Philosophical Journalist
  • Industrial R&D Lab professionals
  • Senior Research Scientist
  • Lecturer & Professor
  • Author & Writer
  • Journalist


Getting a PhD degree will qualify you well for further work related to your research area, in India or overseas as well. The increase in the number of renowned universities offering PhD has created many opportunities for academic work in the country and the candidates’ experience of Indian higher education will help them in their future.

Since the past few years, the scope of doing PhD courses has increased manifolds as many students want to do a distinctive research-based program that helps them to become a competent researcher and carry out research in any of the specialties such as Computer Science, Cosmetology, Commerce, Economics, Law, Linguistics, Management, etc.

India today spends almost .8 percent of GDP on R&D and it is increasing rapidly. So in case you also want to contribute to India’s research endeavours then you must get a PhD degree while a top-most University or college.

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