The renowned Struggle of Wandiwash ‘which gave India’ to the British


The cannon kept at the south-western corner of the Vandavasi fort, with a notice in the background giving a brief account of the place.  The cannon, used during the battle, is adjacent to the Baktha Anjaneyar temple, which forms part of the fort.

The cannon kept at the south-western corner of the Vandavasi fort, with a notice in the history offering a quick account of the place. The cannon, made use of through the fight, is adjacent to the Baktha Anjaneyar temple, which sorts part of the fort. , Photo Credit score: C. VENKATACHALAPATHY

Officials of the Department of Archeology say they will clean the site.

Officers of the Division of Archeology say they will clear the internet site. , Image Credit: C. VENKATACHALAPATHY

Rehana (title improved), a university student of Class 8 in a government substantial university at Vandavasi, is playing on a swing around her grandmother’s home. There is absolutely nothing remarkable about this. But the dwelling is found on a web site that was perhaps a aspect of the historic fort crafted by the Marathas. “No just one at the college tells us about the significance of the fort or the town,” states the girl, who would seem to have a faint thought of ​​her town’s record.

In the phrases of Cotsford, a British officer, the fort was a position “which gave us [the British] India”. This was how The Hindu wrote in its edition dated February 19, 1967.

Program of history improved

The reference was to the renowned Battle of Wandiwash (from time to time known as Wandewash, all Anglicised variations of Vandavasi) of January 1760. It was at Vandavasi (about 120 km from Chennai in the current-day Tiruvannamalai district) that the British defeated the French. Chatting of the relevance of the struggle, the report, published by this newspaper 55 yrs ago, states, “If it was Plassey in the North, in the South it was Wandewash that transformed the class of Indian heritage, that paved the way for laying the foundation of the British domination by exterminating the French out of the scene.”

A. Marimuthu, author of the Tamil e book, Vandavasi-Porum Varalarum (Vandavasi-War and Heritage), emphasizes that “not only the Struggle of Plassey but also the Battle of Vandavasi is an epoch-earning fight in the heritage of India.”

The fort, explained to belong to the 16th-17th Century CE, and the Fight current regular examples of “ifs” of background to these who speculate on the perverse class of occasions.

The Battle of Wandiwash was, in a feeling, a confrontation in between Thomas-Arthur, Comte de Lally (1702–1766), who led the French, and Eyre Coote (1726–1783), who led the British. The victory in Vandavasi was just one of the successes of Coote who went on to defeat Hyder Ali of Mysore (1722–1782) in June 1781 at Parangipettai (Porto Novo). But Lally’s military profession arrived to an conclusion. He surrendered himself to the British in January 1761. Subsequently, he was convicted in his dwelling region for treason and beheaded.

These days, the fort is in a shambles with vegetation all all-around. Most of the site has been encroached upon. No a person would believe that the fort premises have been originally spread above 2.6 hectares (or about 6.4 acres). Some parts of the walls had been as high as 18 ft but, now, just one can effortlessly scale them at a person or two points and even place a moat.

At the south-western corner of the fort is a cannon retained with a detect offering a temporary account of the position. The cannon, utilised in the course of the battle, is adjacent to the Baktha Anjaneyar temple, which varieties part of the fort. A big selection of houses, evidently occupied by poor families, have cropped up on the premises. A pair of structures capture the eye. Encroachment proceeds unabated, if a single goes by officers of the Tamil Nadu Office of Archaeology.

Describing the fight as a end result of the struggle involving two international powers, A. Karunanandan, former professor and head of the division of background, Vivekananda College, Chennai, suggests it paved the way for vanquishing the indigenous powers. (Customarily, the rulers of sloppy land, which include the Vandavasi-Arni-Tiruvannamalai belt, refused to be cowed down by larger rulers.) A immediate fallout of the struggle was that the British ushered in greater economic activity in the location, an significant trade routes.

A position for Jains

Pointing out that Vandavasi is important for other motives as well, Dr. Marimuthu suggests the populace of Jains is far more in this area than in the rest of the Point out. According to an estimate, there are 59 sacred places in the Point out for the Jains, of which 28 are in Tiruvannamalai district, mainly in and all around Vandavasi. As much as the community financial state is anxious, mat-weaving sustains a lot of family members right here.

The continues to be of the fort had a makeover in early 2010 at the time of the 250th anniversary of the struggle. Officers of the Office of Archeology say they will clean up the internet site. And if this comes about, the fort will be much more visible on the tourism circuit.

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