Infertility can be defined as the incapability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sex. However, as the fertility in a woman declines steadily with age, women aged 35 and older can say to be infertile if they cannot conceive after 6 months of unprotected sex. Infertility does not include miscarriage or not being able to carry the child into childbirth.
Women who are facing the problems of infertility must consider infertility treatment and make an appointment with a reproductive endocrinologist as they specialize in dealing with the problems of infertility. While men can visit a urologist who specializes in infertility.
WHAT CAUSES INFERTILITY?
The causes of infertility may vary from person to person. 1 in 3 infertile women deals with a problem in the female reproductive system. 1 in 3 infertile men deal with problems in the male reproductive system. 1 in 3 couples deal with a problem that affects both.
HOW IS FEMALE INFERTILITY TREATED?
Female infertility can be treated by medications like fertility drugs which can change the hormone level to stimulate ovulation. Women can also go for surgery in cases of blocked fallopian tubes to remove uterine fibroids. To double the chances of pregnancy, surgical treatment of endometriosis is recommended.
HOW IS MALE INFERTILITY TREATED?
Infertility in men can be diagnosed by using medications that will improve the level of testosterone and other hormones. Infertility drugs can also diagnose erectile dysfunction.
Sometimes the tubes which carry the sperm are blocked, in that case, men can go for surgery to open the blockages. Varicocele surgery makes the sperm healthier and improves the chances of conception.
WHAT ARE PRIMARY INFERTILITY AND SECONDARY INFERTILITY?
Primary infertility is when a couple has never been able to conceive even after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. Secondary infertility is when a woman cannot get pregnant after having one successful pregnancy. The causes of infertility may include several physical and emotional barriers.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY INFERTILITY.
WHAT IS PRIMARY INFERTILITY? : Couples who have been dealing with primary infertility have never been able to conceive. The cause of primary infertility can be caused by either gender. It can be determined only after an infertility test. If the couple decides to go through infertility treatment, then a treatment method is planned to assist the couple in the process of pregnancy.
In women, the most common causes of primary infertility would be problems in the fallopian tube, disturbances in the production of an egg, Uterine problems, or STDs and STIs in rare instances.
The reasons for infertility in men can range from genetic disorders, failure to induce an adequate amount of sperm, the sperm count may be less, the sperms may have an unusual shape, or there may be problems regarding sperm’s ability to move.
SECONDARY INFERTILITY: Secondary infertility is often a surprise to the couple. Secondary infertility catches the couple by surprise after they have already gone through one successful pregnancy without any struggles.
However, in secondary infertility, the issues come up when the couple tries to conceive the second time. In most cases, the causes for secondary infertility are the pressure that comes with age, deteriorating conditions of the ovum and semen.
The most common causes of secondary infertility in women may range from age – as the fertility in women deteriorates steadily with age, complications with the previous pregnancy, tumors in the oviducts will make it difficult to pick up an egg making the woman infertile.
In men, the quality of sperm drops with age, other reasons for secondary infertility in men are tuberculosis, high blood pressure, STDs, etc.