The University Grants Commission (UGC), established in 1956, conducts the UGC NET examinations in India. The UGC is primarily responsible for disbursing funds to universities and colleges, maintaining a uniform examination system at the national level, setting the examination standard, formulating the NET syllabus, and laying down the basic requirements or the eligibility criteria of the exam. The role of the UGC NET is to maintain the basic standards of higher education in India.
Who prescribes the UGC NET syllabus?
The National Testing Agency, set up after 2017, conducts the NET examination. Professors for universities and colleges with subject competency and required skills are selected through the NET exam. The exam also screens out the best candidates for research and awards the JRF fellowship. NTA NET consists of two separate examinations. The CSIR NET for science subjects and UGC NET for arts subjects. The valuation, marking system and pattern are different for these two exams. The examination is usually conducted twice a year. The application formality as well as the exam is conducted through online mode.
The NEt syllabus is framed by the council of educational experts of the NTA. The UGC NET syllabus checks the subject knowledge till the post-graduation level as well as the teaching aptitude of the candidate.
Subjects included in the UGC NET syllabus
The UGC NET syllabus consists of two papers. Paper 1 is a general aptitude paper to assess candidates’ research or teaching aptitude of. Paper 2 is based on domain or subject aptitude. The UGC NET examination considers 81 subjects related to languages, social sciences and science subjects.
The broad list of 81 subjects can be categorized into:
Regional and State level languages like Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi,
Tribal languages and literature
Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit and related subjects
Telugu, Urdu, Maithili, Bengali, Dogri, Nepali, Manipuri, Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Rajasthani.
Tribal and old languages like Pali, Prakrit and their studies and literature came under this category
Foreign languages like Japanese, German, Arabic, English, French (French version), French (English version), Spanish, Persian, Russian, Chinese.
- Political science
- Public Administration,
- Population Studies
- Human Rights and Duties
- All branches of Economics and Management
4. Human Studies:
- Social Work
- Social Medicine and Community Health
- Women Studies
- Labour and Welfare
- Adult Education and allied subjects
5. Sciences other than basic sciences:
- Forensic Science
- Computer Science and Applications
- Environmental Sciences
- Home Sciences
- Defence and Strategic Studies
- Mass Communication and Journalism
- Indian Culture
- Visual Arts
- Performing Arts
- Arab Culture and Islamic studies
- Comparative Studies
- Gandhian and Peace Studies
8. Physical studies:
- Physical education
To crack any competitive examination, proper planning, strategy, understanding of syllabus and practice are required. A detailed understanding of the syllabus could help eliminate over-studies. Analysis of previous questions and patterns would help to focus on the important topics. All that is required is dedication and focus on learning the prescribed and limited sources thoroughly and consistently.
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