Most of us love to sail the seas or have interest in working in the sector of ships. But only a few people know about various types of international ships. We all might have come across different types of ships but we never bothered to know about them.
But it is sometimes very useful and necessary to be able to identify some or all of them when you are out on a voyage or holiday. It is also extremely important sometimes, as most of the safety regulations vary in a large extent depending on the type of ship.
Every type of ship has different rules and regulations which are very strictly followed by all the passenger or workers.
Traveling or working in different types of ships is extremely different. For example, it is a completely different experience to work on a cargo ship from working on a fishing vessel. Which is why it is definitely an important job to do a good research before you go for a job or holiday.
6 Types of Ships
Tankers are the ships which are primarily used to carry large quantities of liquid which are mainly oil, wine or water. These ships are also used to carry chemicals which need to be transported. A tanker can be large enough to carry several hundred thousand tons of weight. However, their size may vary depending upon the requirement.
Read about Clipper Ship which spawned a revolution in maritime trade
2. RoRo (Roll on Roll Off)
Roll on Roll off ships is mostly used to transport the vehicles over water from foreign countries. One of the major reasons why these kinds of ships are mostly used for vehicle transportation is that it is a lot faster, as well as safer, to drive the vehicles onto the ship rather than using a crane to transport them. The vehicles are usually braced to the deck of the ship so that they cannot move while the ship is sailing at sea. This type of ships is very popular in countries like the UK for shipping vehicles.
3. Cargo Ships
Cargos are safely transported from one place to another in these kinds of ships which might either have a multi-deck hull or might have a single-deck hull. Thousands of cargo ships are used every day to transport cargo across the whole wide world which is very important for most of the country’s international trade. These ships are also sometimes used to transport things like petroleum, food, furniture, clothes, metals, and machinery.
4. Passenger Ships
All the ships which can carry more than 12 people are officially known as passenger ships and these ships have to obey some very strict safety regulations. These regulations are to improve the safety of the passengers and avoid the disasters or accidents of passenger ships. They also ensure that passengers are able to have a safe trip with comfortable surroundings. Holiday ships and cruise are also included in the category of passenger ships.
5. High-Speed Craft
High-speed crafts or ‘fast ferries’ includes catamaran, hovercrafts and hydrofoil boats, which are predominately made to use as passenger ferries. These ships can move very fast as they use powerful turbines propellers and air pressure to move forward.
6. Fishing Vessel
These are the type of ships which are mainly designed for catching fish and marine wildlife and there are millions of these ships which are being used every day to catch fish across the globe. These ships are also known to be very dangerous as it is said by International Maritime Organisation (IMO) that more than 24000 people die every year while traveling in a fishing vessel. This is the reason why it is important for all the ships, which are engaged in intervention voyage to install ECDIS which is Electronic chart display and information systems. ECDIS is one of the most helpful techniques in navigation and to avoid bad weather.